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价ʹһҢǷ

Եáࡴ ѻ Ѻ Ҥ

ҹը͡شԴ͡ѹѹ͹͹ѹҤҹ õ÷ͺͧ ҨҪԡ觩Ѻ ǹҹ ѡԡǧح 仨֧ѡѵʵѭ йѡͧдѺء ҧ˹ŧѹѡ
         
ش»·ҧ ӵ ǹ˭

Ѻ͹ ͡лչ ǹ仡Ѻǹһ һҷ㨡ѹ· ҡ “һҢ” 觨Ѵ˹§ҹ繢ǹ СùԵҨŧóҪԷ Сʹ͡þѲ çͧ طʵлླոʵ ЪطҪ

һҢͪǺҹ

¡ “һҢ” ѵػʧٻẺҧҡһǹ˭ ѡʹԹҧʶ ѵ ҧѴ һҤǹ 鹺͡حҢ ʹԹ 仪繷ع ˡóǷǺҹѹ駢

Ѵ价ʹ ҹҹ .駤 . 躹͡ҢҴ˭ ¡ѹԴҡ նԴ͡ѺǨѧѴ ҧҡ ѹ Ĵٽ ҧҴ ҧǷеԴ͡Ѻҧҧ չŧ Ǻҹҹ Ҫվӹ ١ҡ͹ ѧ - ҹ֧ѹһ١ѹӻѧ᷹ Ƿ»١Թ ͧҫͨҡҹԧ յҧҧ ạûչҡѹзͧ Ӻҡ觹ѡ һչ ǧͤ¹ dz Ѵҹ ʹѺʹعǺҹǵ駡ͧع͢Ƿҡ ö仫͢ǨҡǨѧѴ㹪ǧ˹ 觢ªǺҹҤҾͤ ҤҢǡ١ŧ աҫͨҡҹҹ Ҥᾧҡ ͺ - ҷ

ǧѧǺҹçâ·عШ¹ˡó عЫ͢Թʹըǹ ѧ ԴͧһҢ Ң Թҡ͡ҹʹѺʹعǺҹ֧Դ

һԺҡ

ġʹһҷзش͵͹ѹҤ Ѵش ѹ Դ仨ҡ СäҤ蹤͹ҧӺҡ ͡ҡеͧöӡ ǧ ѧͧչҪѹ ֧ʹѧͧҴѹӻѧա ԴеǶҨ˹ҧµͧ ѹ

鹷ҧѡҧ ѧǹѹѺ öѹ ͧǢաһչҹӺҡӺ觹ѡ ѹԹҧ ҴӷѺաҺ˹º֧ ͧҷ ѧԴͨͧش

Ӣ褧ҧ 仨֧˹©è դ٧§ - ҹ

駵鹢ǹ˹ҤԷʵ Դ çзǧصˡ дǡ»С÷駻ǧ ׹仪šѹ͹ ҷʹ ԧ зԧ ô ѡ÷ͧǷ ѹִ繷ʹö

˹͡ . . ҨԹҧѹ͹ѧ ͧẺ Шԡǧحաѹ¡ Ե շ駾 Ҫ ѡ¹ ѡ֡ ҹΌʵѡѹ ҹ ҡѺҴ

Ҵ͡ѡ֡ᾷ Һ ҡԴ ФФ ҡҹҹѹ ŹԸ ¡÷еͧ价ӷѴ ͧҡԴѹ ˹ 价駷 ҨաԨҸóªѺǺҹ ԡҸóآ ¡Ѻ áѹԧ仡ѺҹҸóآ

ش躹

Ҩж֧ ͺ ͧҡҹͧ繷ҵ˧ҹҺѺ鹢ͺҧ˹ Ҷ¢ͧŧö÷ءͧǺҹ躹 ¡ûչҧ˹ ͧ繵ͧӵԴǢ Ңö ҡ鹡˹ա . ֧駤 ѡԹ§ ҧ˹ҧҾʴ稡¹˹öͧ Тҧ˹繷ҧ١ѧ ͢Ҵѡ§仵ʹҧ ö˭ ͧö

зҧҡ駤Ͷ֧ԧ§ . Ҩж֧ش¡ ҡͺ ᴴ͹§ҹǨᵡн蹷駡Ш·¡ѹ价ö Ͷ֧չ 繷ҧҧ˹ҡԴ֡ʹء 鹷չ

á 繷ҧҴ Ӻҡ Թѹ繢ǹ ºº´չѡ ҹҧ᤺ŧ Ъѹ ֧͹ǡᵡ Ҵ͹ »չԴõѹѹ ¢ǹǢǹҧ ˹á͹ŧҧҧ ͺ ˹¨֧ạѧâ鹵

շҹ硡Ѻ͹仡Ѻö÷ءͧԡ͹ Ƿѧ ˹ ѧ͡ԹѺǺҹ͹ Ǻҹŧ繻Ш ҷԵ˹¤ ֧Ӻҡ ҧạԺŢ˹ҵ

Ҩж֧ʹ١ͺ ͧҡͧŧ繷ͧ觡ҧͺ· ˹ҽ 鹢ᵡ͹Ǣ ǷȹЧʴ蹡ҹҡ 觹˹ҧ繡ѧ駡ͺҴ繾ͧ价

Ƿȹ

͹鹶֧ʹͺ աШѴ觵çѴ Ǻҹ价ʶҹ͹¡͹ ШѴǹͧТǹ͹͵͹Ѻ

¹ͧ ⪤繷Ƿȹ繺駫͡ʧ觹ѡ ʴԹѺͧ繪ǧ ׹鹻ѡʹ ͡繷 §繩ҡԴѺ͹ͧѹ §ͧԹѺѧѧ

ӡҹա˹ ҷԵѧѺ ʧͧѺͧ Թҹͺо˹ͧ ʧͧҺѺ͢͡ҧҧջС͹

“ ” §ت ˹ҤФ ѧ ͧ¡ҧҾШӤЪѡҾǷȹ繵ʹҧ

ԡ ѺҾش·ҷԵᴧԧǧѧѺ ˹ҧ᷹

Ͷ֧ʶҹ͹ ǪǺҹ㹪شͧ 駵͹Ѻ §ͧѧЪǹ ˹ѺǵµçӡѺǺҹ ǡҡúѧ  ֧ҹѴǨ֧ͧһͺѴ ͺԸ

ʾ ª٧ Ѵش

繤áդмһҨҡا෾ ҷʹ Ǻҹ֧ ҡ͹Ѻõ ҧ·ش “˹” ҹ蹷Ըմ á㨨ШѴҹ˭ ʾ úѹԧ Ҿ¹ ص ©ͧһҡѹ

͹ѹҹ ǡҵͧè¤ ѧ֧ŧ¡ʴ鹺ҹͧǺҹҹ ǹҹ Ǻҹ׹ѹѵ˭ 鹽ҨТѺԴͺͧͧçҪǺҹѧ¨âͧ

èҡѹ¤ ش¨֧͡ѺǺҹ 令ǹ餳мһҢ͡Թѧѵ ˵ؼšѺǺҹ ˹ ТҷӺحӡŷ駷 ˵ͧ´¹ѵѵ˭˹˹ ǨСһҡح

͸Ժҧ Ǻҹ֧ Ѵѧѵǹ˭ ѡѧᡧ繡ʪҵԡѺҺҧ

ʹءʹҹѹԧ繢ͧѺླҵʹ Ҩ繧ҹ 仨֧ҹ ҹԴ仨ҹ 觧ҹԹһҴ 鹪͹ѡͧѹԧ ʹ˹ Ǻҹ᷺ͻдҵǡѹ价

Դ ʹյ­ ¡Ѵ͡ ·繾 µ价ʹԹغš͹ѹҹ СûСɳ繡˭ ѹ令Ѻ ͧѹ֧ - ѹö ҧǺҹ 繡Թҡا෾ ç˹ҡ͹Ѻҧ ¡ÿص Ҿ¹ٵ ѧþ· öҶ֧ԡô¼ءѹ Ǻҹ͡Թ仡͹ ¨¡ԹҡСԹ

ҡԹҡ÷ʹԹҡ ѡö ʾ ԹͷʹѴҷ Ǻҹҡ ԴзФѺСèѴԹ繡˭

ŧҧ Դѧ طó ླշӡѹῪҹ Ӥ¹ҡҤѲ

ͧ͡ǻЪѹѺŴ

ʾ ѧҡǴоط ҹ˹ͧ͢Ѵӡͧ ҹѹ¡éŴ͹¤ԡʧǧ͹ҡѧѴ§ Ǥмһا ˹ѡҡ͡ǧ 駪ǺҹǤ ͡ѡǧѹͧ繷ç

ӡѹ ССȸТͧҹ Ŵշ駷äո йԷҹ͹ ٷҹʹءѺþҡ “˹ѧ” ҡ ѧִա ¡á͹ͧǵ駹ҹ ӡͧǨ ҹѧҡѡ˹˹µԴ͡ѹ¡ ͧѡ Ǻҹ 硹¡ʹء仡Ѻҹ ͹ЪԴ 㨨㨨᷺ǵԧ¡

׹ ¡øҨԡͺ ÷ѧǧ¡ѹ觴ٴǷʧԺѺ͹״ Ѻا͡蹪Żͧҵҡѡ 繴Ǿҧǡ͹Ѻ㹷ͧҨͧҴѡ ͧ
         
ͧһ

ѹ 繪ǧ˹ͧһ ҨмҹҶ֧͹ҵͧѺ˹˹ҷ駤׹ ÷˹͡йʧ з;͡ - ҨѺʺ㹤׹ҧ ʺ¡͹繨ʹ ˹ 觾͡ѹԴǢҴ

ͤºҧ Դ֧Ǻҹèзҹ˹ ͡ҡͧ俷ͧ蹢ҡ͡ҧ֡ Ը͹ . . աǴŷء鹵͹ ͤѭͧʹ Դѹ ֧ͧ仵ʹ ʹ㨾Ըա ٻء鹵͹Ҹ ͹ 仨ѡ 繨 ˹蹨ҡͧѤí 觵ҡѺд ·ӧҹѺ ٴäͧ´« ʹç㹪 ÷÷˹ ʹ㨫ѡ´Ѻ鹷ҧԹҧþ ҹ ѧٻẺ зҷѴѧʹ㨶 ֧ ѹ ѡҾ¡ Ҿ

֧Ы͡᫡ 鹤 Ͷ١ѡҧ Ѻͺ ͧ͡͡ зç٧㨷ͧ ˹Ѻ ᡡ͡ ҤԴ Ѻ ͧѤí觤ҷӧҹ㹷ءȢͧ¹ ͹ͧ ͡ҡ¼ ѧç÷ Ҩŧҹ㹪 Ҥǹ餧¨лٷҧ

ԸաԹ֧ . . ֧˹ͧһ ͹ԸաǺԹ繤ش ʹطԷѡ , ҷ ੾ʹҨҡا෾ ջҳ , ҷ ѺҡҷԴҡ յԹѡ 蹡 չ ѺʹѺʹعҡӹǹҡ ҡ½ 駾 Ҫ ҹ ѡҹѷҹ ѧѺͨҡ˹§ҹ駷˹§ҹʹ ŹԸѤ ͧùѡ֡ ˹§ҹҪ ѷҹ ç¹ Ūѧ㹡ûЪѹ 駷ҧԷ ˹ѧ;

͡ҡԹ ѧաúԨҤ áѴ纶اҴʹ ѹС ˡó ѧըԵѷ¤Ҷا ֧ԨҤѹ繶ѧ 繡ͺ ӡ ͺ ҡԹҨк÷ء仡Ѻǹһ ֧ا෾ 觵价ѧ ҡѺŤҢ Թѧ ʹԨҤ֧ʹ

ʴ繶֧ѧѷҢͧЪҪ繾ѧʹѺʹعաûءԸա ӹ»ªЪҪʹ ѵзԧ

蹹¡Ѻ

֧ ¡÷ġ Ѵ Фͧ “ὴ¼” 繹ԷҹͧáԹ١ͧ ˭ҡѹѴ ͡е 繵ͧ¡§§Шҡ

稨ҡФ ¡ûСǴҾҴ Ҿͧ硷ǹ˭Ҿͧ зҴ ҷԵǧ ҵҹǹ˹觢ͧԵͧ硷 ҡ¹͡ԷԾŵͪԵҹ 硫 ¤Ҵٻ硫 ᴧҧʹءʹҹ ˹ǡ Ҵͧѭ § մ ú

ç ѡ֡ ᾷоҺ ԡҸóآǺҹ ¡ ҡ Եѧŵҧ ҹ 蹷ӡԹ ըӹǹҡԴ ·Ƿ ͡ҡǴ¸ ֡ʹҡüԴԴҧ ͺ͡ ᡡ֡ ͵Ǩ׹ѹ

ѭҧա§㹪 ͪԵͧһʺҹѺҵʹ աк֡ СᾷҸóآἹ٨е駵繻ԻѡѺôԹԶժԵͧǺҹ ֡ ֡ҧ¢ͧäʹ ҵͧآҾչ ᷺֡

¨ԧ ҡ ǹ˭ä纻зӧҹҡͧҡҡ äҧѡҡҡ йѡ͹ҹ 礧з 繤йӷçѺҡ÷ش Фҡҧ ҷ˹Ҿѡ͹

º

¡÷شŧ ͹ ҡѹǻ ҧ͡ - . Ѻ͹ѧҾ١ԧҧҧ µͧ¡ѹạʶҹ͹¡ѹ ѧ§ҹԴҤ ҡʹѡ ѧ֧ ʶҹ͹ª ʹҡ ͧ仪ԼҵѴ ͹仴

͹仡Ѻ 㨷Ҥ Һ´ Ҩö仪᷺ “Һչ” Ңͧöѹ· Фդ դºöԺѵ ֧ѺöçҺ Ҩ״ 鹷ҧáѹ ᷡʹҧ ʹ͡ҡ ѹ֧çҺš

÷ҡäáš ԴҨе á ѧ֡ ٴѭ ù Фͧ͢Ǻҹѧ öҹԹ 觡äҤӺҡ ҧҡѧѴ§ . ͧҶ֧ ֧ӷҧ件֧ ҡا෾ 㹵ͧ 診Ե ҧ

ҧҢͧöҤ¡件Ѵ Դػҷҹ仵ҧ ҹ ǧҹ ¤纹 е¡ح һ اҢͧö֧˹Ҵբ鹺ҧ

ҧ ԷԾŵͪǺҹҹ зѰԢͧҺҹ ҴȾͧѧԴҡҺ÷ءö¹ͧ ͧạѹ ö¹繢ͧҡ͹

Һ㴷蹹ѧѧǪǺҹ ·ҸóآСäҤѧٹͧ ѹ ÷ʺ˵طӹͧǡѹ еʶҹ 餹ä عçԹѡҾҺšҨ˵ؼǡѹ

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